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Nibiru

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Nibiru (also known as "Dark star", Nemesis, Planet X, The Destroyer, Wormwood)[1] is a hypothetical celestial object in the Solar System, either as a brown dwarf, or another planet.

MythologyEdit

Zecharia Sitchin drew from Babylonian work, such as Enûma Eliš as source material for the Nibiru hypothesis. Enûma Eliš is the Babylonian legend of the creation mythos that might have stemmed from the older civilizations, Akkadia and Sumeria, but that is circumstantial. Enûma Eliš can be translated as "then (enuma) up there (elish)", refering to the cosmos. Depending on context, some Babylonian text ascribe Nibiru to a planet, a star, or a God. The planet Jupiter is often associated to Nibiru by some researchers.

To the Babylonians, Nibiru was the celestial body or region sometimes associated with the god Marduk. The word is Akkadian and the meaning is uncertain. Because of this, the hypothetical planet Nibiru is sometimes also referred to as Marduk. It is believed to be a planet in a highly elliptic orbit around the Sun, with a perihelion passage some 3,600 years ago and assumed orbital period of about 3,750 years; some also claim it was the home of a technologically advanced human-like alien race, the Anunnaki, who apparently visited Earth in search of gold or some other resource. These beings eventually created humanity (or enslaved certain civilizations at that time) by genetically crossing theselves with primates, and thus became the first gods. There are various other stories around this theory but none have been argeed upon by all. What is certain is that the Annunnaki and other advanced beings visited this world thousands of year ago.

Effects of passingEdit

Several internet sites claim that "Planet X" or "Nibiru" is passing through our Solar System, causing dramatic effects on Earth's weather patterns, earthquakes, increased volcanic activity, and rising sea levels.[2] The most commonly cited new date for the passage is 2012, which is the end of the current cycle (baktun) in the long count in the Mayan calendar. In 2003, Turkish writer Burak Eldem published the book 2012: Rendez-vous With Marduk, which forecast the return of Planet X in that year.[3] In 2007, Jaysen Rand, a onetime music producer who has an honorary PhD from Moscow University,[4] wrote The Return of Planet X-Wormwood, which also cites 2012 as the arrival date.[5] Marshall Masters, publisher of the website yowusa.com, has published many works prophesying the end of the world in 2012 following an encounter with Planet X, including a novel (Godschild Covenant) and a "Planet X Forecast and 2012 Survival Guide".[6] The website "Project Camelot" claims to possess an anonymous letter from a Norwegian politician that states "Planet X is coming" and describes a secret plan to construct a series of globe-spanning 2012 survival bases.[7]

Collision theoryEdit

Nibiru(Google Sky)

A reflection nebula in Google Sky claimed by some to be Nibiru

Zecharia Sitchin, author of Twelfth Planet, described the condition of a hidden planet crossing the Eath's orbital path. The Babylonian word "Nibiru" could be translated as "crossing" or "point of transition". Therefore, Stichin proposed the name "Nibiru" to identify a hypothetical hidden planet that would approach Earth.

Stichin proposed the theory that the asteroid belt was created as a result of a previous collision course. Stichin projected that Nibiru crosses over into our solar system every three thousand years. He associated the Babylonian goddess Tiamat to a hypothetical planet (Phaeton) that hypothetically existed between Mars and Jupiter, and that it was destroyed by Nibiru in a prior collision course that resulted in our present-day asteroid belt.[8]

The Collision theory became a doomsday prediction in 1995 by Nancy Lieder, founder of the website ZetaTalk. She claimed that the Earth will soon be struck or magnetically disrupted by the passing of a large planetary object. Lieder described herself as a contactee and claims to channel messages from extra-terrestrials called Zetas (from the Zeta Reticuli star system; see Betty and Barney Hill) through an implant in her brain. She states that she was chosen to warn mankind the object would sweep through the Solar System in May 2003 (later revised to 2010), causing a pole shift that would destroy most of humanity. Since 2003, this theory has spread beyond Lieder's website and has been embraced by numerous internet doomsday groups, most of which tie the collision to the 2012 doomsday prediction. Several astronomers and physicists have criticised this idea on basic scientific grounds.

NemesisEdit

Nibiru is also identified with Nemesis,[9] a hypothetical brown or red dwarf companion to the Sun proposed by Richard A. Muller to explain a purported regularity in mass extinctions observed in the fossil record. He claimed that, as the object passed through the cometary Oort cloud every few million years, its gravity would perturb the orbits of those distant objects, causing a swarm of comets to enter the inner Solar System, leading to a higher probability of a major impact which would trigger a mass extinction.[10]

Cover upEdit

Many believers in the imminent approach of Planet X/Nibiru/Wormwood claim that NASA is deliberately covering up visual evidence of its existence.[11] One such accusation involves the IRAS infrared space observatory, launched in 1983. The satellite briefly made headlines due to an "unknown object" that was at first described as "possibly as large as the giant planet Jupiter and possibly so close to Earth that it would be part of this Solar System".[12] This newspaper article has been cited by proponents of the collision idea, beginning with Leider herself, as evidence for the existence of Nibiru.[13] However, further analysis revealed that of several unidentified objects, nine were distant galaxies and the tenth was "intergalactic cirrus"; none were found to be Solar System bodies.[14]

Another claim frequently made by websites predicting the collision is that the US government built the South Pole Telescope to track Nibiru's trajectory.[15] David Morrison, a scientist at NASA's Ames Research Center, ripostes that,

[The SPT] is a radio telescope, not an optical instrument. It cannot take images or photos. ... It was built [at the South Pole] to take advantage of the extremely low humidity; in many ways the South Pole is the best observing site on Earth for millimeter wave radio astronomy. I should add that it is impossible to imagine a geometry in which an object can be seen only from the South Pole.[16]

Many collision proponents claim that scientists have openly admitted to Nibiru's existence, and that they refer to it as Eris.[17] However, as Morrison notes,[18] Eris is a dwarf planet only slightly larger than Pluto[19] with a well-determined orbit that never takes it closer than 5.5 billion km from the Earth.[20]

CriticismEdit

There has been much skepticism of Zecharia Sitchin´s works regarding Nibiru. Additionally, the due dates given for Nibiru's arrival near earth have been constantly missed. There seems to be enough evidence for the existence of another planet revolving our sun by cutting across the orbit of Jupiter, but not enough evidence to suggest that this planet will crash into Earth. There is evidence of Earth having a pole-shift during it's flyby - an occurrence where the North and South poles of Earth switch.

Astronomer and debunker Phil Plait has pointed out on his website that such an object so close to Earth would be easily visible to the naked eye (Jupiter and Saturn are both visible to the naked eye, and are dimmer than Nibiru would be at their distances), and would be creating noticeable effects in the orbits of the outer planets.[21] Astronomer Mike Brown notes that if this object's orbit were as described, it would only have lasted in the Solar System for a million years or so before Jupiter expelled it. Brown also states that there is no way another object's magnetic field could have such an effect on Earth.[22]

Mike Brown, who discovered Eris, now says that Nibiru is the commonest pseudoscientific topic he is asked about.[22] David Morrison claims he receives 20-25 emails a week about the impending arrival of Nibiru; some frightened, others angry and claiming that he is part of the conspiracy to keep the truth of the impending apocalypse from the public.[11] "Planetary scientists are being driven to distraction by Nibiru," notes science writer Govert Schilling, "And it is not surprising; you devote so much time, energy and creativity to fascinating scientific research, and find yourself on the tracks of the most amazing and interesting things, and all the public at large is concerned about is some crackpot theory about clay tablets, god-astronauts and a planet that doesn't exist."[23] Morrison states that he hopes that the non-arrival of Nibiru could serve as a teaching moment for the public, instructing them on rational thought and baloney detection, but doubts that will happen.[11]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. This object has been referred to as Planet X, after a term used by astronomers to describe a hypothetical planet beyond Neptune, Wormwood, after a passage from the Book of Revelation that describes a a star named Wormwood falling from the skies, or, most commonly, Nibiru. The name Nibiru is derived from the Earth Chronicles mythology of Zecharia Sitchin's The 12th Planet, in which, according to Sitchin's reading of Sumerian language|Sumerian religious texts, a giant planet (Nibiru or Marduk)(cite book|title=The 12th Planet|author=Zecharia Sithin|publisher=Harper|year=1976|pages=120) with a 3600-year orbit occasionally passes by Earth and allows its sentient inhabitants to interact with humanity. These beings, which Sitchin identifies with the Annunaki of Sumerian myth, would become humanity's first gods. However, Sitchin himself disagrees with claims of an imminent apocalypse (see below). Some websites have also called this object Eris or Nemesis;(cite web|title=NASA AND PLANET ERIS/NIBIRU|author=Cristian Negureanu|publisher=UFO Digest|year=2007|url=http://www.ufodigest.com/news/0707/eris-nibiru.html%7Caccessdate=2009-04-12)(cite web|title=2012 Warning|publisher=2012warning.com|url=http://www.2012warning.com/nibiru.htm%7Caccessdate=2009-05-04)) however, these are completely different objects (see below).
  2. Template:Cite web
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  7. Template:Cite web
  8. Case of the Layered Asteroid, Genesis Revisited - Official Sitchin site
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nemi
  10. http://www.universetoday.com/2009/04/15/constraining-the-orbits-of-planet-x-and-nemesis/%7Caccessdate=2009-05-04}}
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Template:Cite web
  12. Template:Cite news
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  14. Template:Cite journal
  15. Template:Cite web
  16. Template:Cite web
  17. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named eris
  18. Template:Cite web
  19. Template:Cite web
  20. http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=Eris
  21. Template:=http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/misc/planetx/science.html (this page relates to the initial supposed 2003 arrival, but holds just as well for 2012)
  22. 22.0 22.1 www.mikebrownsplanets.com/2008/02/i-do-not-pseudo-science.html|accessdate=2009-04-12}}
  23. Template:Cite book

External linksEdit

Mythology
Ed dames
Marshal Masters

Related topicsEdit

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